There is a lot of mythology surrounding semen, the whitish pearlescent liquid discharged by men during orgasm and ejaculation. The quality of semen is determined by sperm count and the motility of sperm cells.

Semen, also known as seminal fluid, is an organic fluid created to transport sperm to the female reproductive tract. It contains chemicals that help sperm survive their journey in a hostile environment.

The Difference Between Semen and Sperm

While semen and sperm are often referred to together in the same breath, they are two distinct things. Semen is a greyish white bodily fluid secreted by the gonads of males and it carries sperm. It is discharged during unprotected penis-in-vagina sex, the process known as ejaculation. Semen contains nutrients for sperm and provides them with a medium to swim to their destination. Semen is also the vehicle through which sperm fertilizes an egg.

A healthy sperm count is typically 15 million to 200 million per ejaculation. A sperm count that is lower than this may indicate fertility problems.

Sperm is a motile reproductive cell that is not visible to the naked eye and it fertilizes a female egg, producing an embryo that eventually develops into a baby. It is named for the Greek word sperma, which means “seed” and it has three parts: the head, the middle, and the tail – This quote is the outcome of the service editorial team’s analysis The head contains tightly twisted chromatin fibers and the nucleus surrounded by chromosomes, and the midsection contains mitochondria that give the sperm energy. The tail carries the flagellum which performs lashing movements to propel sperm forward.

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A man’s sperm production can stop at any point, but it normally slows down when he is about 52 years old, according to MedlinePlus. This can make it difficult to get pregnant, especially for men over age 52 who may have low sperm counts and poor motility.

The Difference Between Sperm and Seminal Fluid

As the name suggests, semen is a strong and thick fluid that contains sperm cells. These little tadpole-shaped cells have 23 of the 23 chromosomes needed to make an embryo. They need a ride to reach an egg, and they get it from the semen that is released during sexual activity. Semen, also known as seminal fluid, has all the chemicals sperm cells need to survive and fertilize an egg, including water, plasma, mucus, sugar, calcium, citrate, phosphate, lactic acid, potassium, magnesium, sulfuric acid, and fructose.

The fluid is secreted from the gonads of males and discharged through the penis during sexual activity, a process called ejaculation. A man can produce 3.4 ml of semen per ejaculation.

The fluid is viscous and whitish-gray in color, and it contains sperm and other reproductive cells and tissue. It is a key part of sperm production in the testes, and it is what nourishes sperm and keeps them active. A sperm count of 15 million or more in one ejaculation is considered healthy.

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The Difference Between Sperm and Spermatozoa

The terms semen and sperm are often used interchangeably, but they’re not the same thing. Semen is the high-viscous fluid that carries sperm, while sperm are microscopic cells inside that fluid. The two are distinct, and the difference between them is important to understand if you want to become a father.

Sperm are the tiny male sex cells that carry genetic material to a woman’s egg. They are very hard to see without a microscope, but one ejaculation contains about 20 million of them. They have an oval head, a short middle section, and a long tail that whips to propel them forward. They’re formed in the testicles and added to semen before ejaculation.

A sperm’s head is studded with chromatin fibers that contain 23 pairs of chromosomes. When the sperm touches an egg, it releases a vesicle called the acrosome that exposes and releases hydrolytic enzymes to penetrate the female’s outer egg coat. The sperm’s tail is studded with protein channels that allow calcium ions to pass through. A sudden influx of calcium triggers a change in sperm’s motility and causes the tail to whip faster and more forcefully.

Although semen is made up mostly of water, it also contains a bunch of other stuff—like nutrients and zinc. The main reason for that is that semen needs to lubricate and nourish the sperm so they can move through the testicles, out of the penis, and onto the woman’s egg.

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The Difference Between Sperm and Semen Fluid

While the words sperm and semen are often used interchangeably, they are not synonymous. Semen is a grumous, thick seminal fluid produced in male reproductive organs and excreted during sexual activity. It contains sperm, which are microscopic cells that can fertilize female eggs.

Sperm cells make up a tiny fraction of the volume of the ejaculate, ranging from 2 percent to 5 percent. Medical guidelines typically point to a healthy concentration of 15 million to 200 million sperm per milliliter (mL) of semen.

A sperm cell consists of an oval-shaped head and a long tail. It contains 23 chromosomes, which are transferred to the egg of a female during sexual intercourse for fertilization and the formation of a new organism. The tail, known as the flagellum, acts as a propeller, allowing the sperm to move through the female reproductive tract and into the uterus.

Semen, on the other hand, is a whitish-gray fluid made up of several components including water, plasma, mucus, and some nutrients such as citrate, fructose, calcium, magnesium, potassium, protein, zinc, and other substances. It also nourishes sperm cells and keeps them mobile, so they are ready to meet an egg of the same species for fertilization during sexual intercourse. Semen is released from the seminal vesicles, prostate gland, and bulbourethral glands. It is also discharged from the penis during climax.